GNU/Linux - Comment mettre en place un VPN IPsec multisite entre Racoon et strongSwan

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Je vais mettre ici la configuration complète d'un VPN IPsec Multi-site que j'ai du mettre en place.

Architecture Cible

VPN IPsec Multi-site Architecture
Architecture VPN IPsec Multi-site

Site 1 - Headquarters

Configuration

  • OS : Debian 9
  • VPN : ipsec-tools
  • Netfilter tool : nftables

Installation

root@host:~# apt install ipsec-tools racoon nftables
root@host:~# systemctl enable nftables.service

/etc/nftables.conf

#!/usr/sbin/nft -f

flush ruleset

table inet filter {
        chain input {
                type filter hook input priority 0; policy accept;
	}
        chain forward {
                type filter hook forward priority 0; policy accept ;
	}
	chain output {
                type filter hook output priority 0; policy accept;
        }
}

table ip my_nat {
        chain my_masquerade {
                type nat hook postrouting priority 100;
                ip daddr != { 10.0.10.11, 192.168.0.0/16 } oifname wan masquerade comment "output nat"
        }
}

/etc/network/interfaces

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

source /etc/network/interfaces.d/*

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
# This is an autoconfigured IPv6 interface
allow-hotplug wan
iface wan inet static
        address 10.0.10.1
        netmask 255.255.255.0
	gateway 10.0.10.254

allow-hotplug lan
iface lan inet static
        address 192.168.1.254
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        up /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh

Network script

  • /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh :
#!/bin/sh

##NETWORK INTERFACES
ip link add link lan name users type vlan id 2
ip link add link lan name voip type vlan id 3
ip link add link lan name wifi type vlan id 4
ip link add link lan name servers type vlan id 5
ip link set users up
ip link set voip up
ip link set wifi up
ip link set servers up
ip addr add 192.168.2.254/24 dev users
ip addr add 192.168.3.254/24 dev voip
ip addr add 192.168.4.254/22 dev wifi
ip addr add 192.168.5.254/24 dev servers

##ROUTES
#BRANCH OFFICE 1
ip route add 192.168.12.0/24 via 192.168.1.254 src 192.168.1.254
ip route add 192.168.13.0/24 via 192.168.1.254 src 192.168.1.254
#BRANCH OFFICE 2
ip route add 192.168.22.0/24 via 192.168.1.254 src 192.168.1.254
ip route add 192.168.23.0/24 via 192.168.1.254 src 192.168.1.254

#ENABLE ROUTING
sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
echo "1" > /proc/sys/net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_acct

#RESTART SERVICES
systemctl restart racoon
setkey -f /etc/ipsec-tools.conf
systemctl restart nftables
root@host:~# chmod +x /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh

/etc/racoon/racoon.conf

log debug;
path pre_shared_key "/etc/racoon/psk.txt";

# phase 1 / BRANCH OFFICE 1
remote 10.0.10.11 {
        exchange_mode main,aggressive;
        my_identifier address 10.0.10.1;
        proposal_check obey;
        proposal {
                authentication_method pre_shared_key;
                encryption_algorithm aes128;
                hash_algorithm sha1;
                dh_group 1;
        }
        generate_policy off;
}

# phase 1 / BRANCH OFFICE 2
remote 10.0.10.12 {
        exchange_mode main;
        my_identifier address 10.0.10.1;
        proposal_check obey;
        proposal {
                authentication_method pre_shared_key;
                encryption_algorithm aes128;
                hash_algorithm sha1;
                dh_group 1;
        }
        generate_policy off;
}
# phase 2
sainfo anonymous {
        pfs_group 1;
        lifetime time 12 hour ; 
        encryption_algorithm aes128;
        authentication_algorithm hmac_sha1;
        compression_algorithm deflate ;
}

/etc/racoon/psk.txt

10.0.10.11   password_PSK4231
10.0.10.12   password_PSK4231

/etc/ipsec-tools.conf

#!/usr/sbin/setkey -f

flush;
spdflush;

##HEADQUARTERS <-> BRANCH OFFICE 1
#lan to lan
spdadd 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.11.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.11/unique;
spdadd 192.168.11.0/24 192.168.1.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.11-10.0.10.1/unique;
#VoIP
spdadd 192.168.3.0/24 192.168.13.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.11/unique;
spdadd 192.168.13.0/24 192.168.3.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.11-10.0.10.1/unique;
#Users and Servers
spdadd 192.168.5.0/24 192.168.12.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.11/unique;
spdadd 192.168.12.0/24 192.168.5.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.11-10.0.10.1/unique;

##BRANCH OFFICE 2 <-> BRANCH OFFICE 1
#BRANCH OFFICE 1 (10.0.10.11) <-> HEADQUARTERS (10.0.10.1)
spdadd 192.168.23.0/24 192.168.13.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.11/unique;
spdadd 192.168.13.0/24 192.168.23.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.11-10.0.10.1/unique;
#BRANCH OFFICE 2 (10.0.10.12) <-> HEADQUARTERS (10.0.10.1)
spdadd 192.168.13.0/24 192.168.23.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.12/unique;
spdadd 192.168.23.0/24 192.168.13.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.12-10.0.10.1/unique;

##HEADQUARTERS <-> BRANCH OFFICE 2
#lan to lan
spdadd 192.168.1.0/24 192.168.21.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.12/unique;
spdadd 192.168.21.0/24 192.168.1.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.12-10.0.10.1/unique;
#VoIP
spdadd 192.168.3.0/24 192.168.23.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.12/unique;
spdadd 192.168.23.0/24 192.168.3.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.12-10.0.10.1/unique;
root@host:~# systemctl restart racoon

Site 2 - Branch Office 1

Configuration

  • OS : Debian 8
  • VPN : ipsec-tools
  • Netfilter tool : iptables

Installation

root@host:~# apt install ipsec-tools racoon

/etc/network/interfaces

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

source /etc/network/interfaces.d/*

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
# This is an autoconfigured IPv6 interface

auto wan
iface wan inet static
	address 10.0.10.11
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        up /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh

allow-hotplug lan
iface lan inet static
        address 192.168.11.254
        netmask 255.255.255.0

Network script

  • /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh :
#!/bin/sh

##REINIT IPTABLES RULES
iptables -F
iptables -X
iptables -t nat -F
iptables -t nat -X
iptables -t mangle -F
iptables -t mangle -X
iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT
iptables -P FORWARD ACCEPT
iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT

modprobe nf_conntrack_ftp
modprobe nf_nat_ftp

##NETWORK INTERFACES
modprobe 8021q
ip link add link lan name users type vlan id 2
ip link add link lan name voip type vlan id 3
ip link add link lan name wifi type vlan id 4
ip link set users up
ip link set voip up
ip link set wifi up
ip addr add 192.168.12.254/24 dev users
ip addr add 192.168.13.254/24 dev voip
ip addr add 192.168.14.254/24 dev wifi
echo 1 >/proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

##ROUTES
#HEADQUARTERS
ip route add 192.168.1.0/24 via 192.168.11.254 src 192.168.11.254
ip route add 192.168.3.0/24 via 192.168.13.254 src 192.168.13.254
ip route add 192.168.5.0/24 via 192.168.12.254 src 192.168.12.254
#BRANCH OFFICE 2
ip route add 192.168.23.0/24 via 192.168.13.254 src 192.168.13.254

##IPTABLES
#NOT NEEDED AS WE ACCEPT ANY BUT GOOD TO KNOW
iptables -A INPUT -s 10.0.10.1 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p esp -j ACCEPT
iptables -A INPUT -p udp --dport 500 -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p esp -j ACCEPT
iptables -A OUTPUT -p udp --sport 500 -j ACCEPT

#AVOID IPsec trafic to be translated inside nat
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -d 192.168.1.0/24 -m policy --dir out --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -d 192.168.3.0/24 -m policy --dir out --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -d 192.168.5.0/24 -m policy --dir out --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -d 192.168.23.0/24 -m policy --dir out --pol ipsec -j ACCEPT

/etc/racoon/racoon.conf

log debug;
path pre_shared_key "/etc/racoon/psk.txt";

# phase 1 / HEADQUARTERS
remote 10.0.10.1 {
        exchange_mode main,aggressive;
        my_identifier address 10.0.10.11;
        proposal_check obey;
        proposal {
                authentication_method pre_shared_key;
                encryption_algorithm aes128;
                hash_algorithm sha1;
                dh_group 1;
        }
        generate_policy off;
}

# phase 2
sainfo anonymous {
        pfs_group 1;
        lifetime time 12 hour ;
        encryption_algorithm aes128;
        authentication_algorithm hmac_sha1;
        compression_algorithm deflate ;
}

/etc/racoon/psk.txt

10.0.10.1   password_PSK4231

/etc/ipsec-tools.conf

#!/usr/sbin/setkey -f
flush;
spdflush;

##BRANCH OFFICE 1 <-> HEADQUARTERS
#VoIP
spdadd 192.168.13.0/24 192.168.3.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.11-10.0.10.1/unique;
spdadd 192.168.3.0/24 192.168.13.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.11/unique;
#Users and Servers
spdadd 192.168.12.0/24 192.168.5.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.11-10.0.10.1/unique;
spdadd 192.168.5.0/24 192.168.12.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.11/unique;

##BRANCH OFFICE 1 <-> BRANCH OFFICE 2
#VoIP
spdadd 192.168.13.0/24 192.168.23.0/24 any -P out ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.11-10.0.10.1/unique;
spdadd 192.168.23.0/24 192.168.13.0/24 any -P in ipsec
        esp/tunnel/10.0.10.1-10.0.10.11/unique;
root@host:~# /etc/init.d/racoon restart

Site 3 - Branch Office 2

Configuration

  • OS : Debian 10
  • VPN : strongSwan
  • Netfilter tool : nftables

Installation

root@host:~# apt install strongswan nftables
root@host:~# systemctl enable nftables.service

/etc/nftables.conf

#!/usr/sbin/nft -f

flush ruleset

table inet filter {
        chain input {
                type filter hook input priority 0; policy accept;
	}
        chain forward {
                type filter hook forward priority 0; policy accept ;
	}
	chain output {
                type filter hook output priority 0; policy accept;
        }
}

table ip my_nat {
        chain my_masquerade {
                type nat hook postrouting priority 100;
                ip daddr != { 10.0.10.11, 192.168.0.0/16 } oifname wan masquerade comment "output nat"
        }
}

/etc/network/interfaces

# This file describes the network interfaces available on your system
# and how to activate them. For more information, see interfaces(5).

source /etc/network/interfaces.d/*

# The loopback network interface
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

# The primary network interface
allow-hotplug wan
iface wan inet static
        address 10.0.10.12
        netmask 255.255.255.0

allow-hotplug lan
iface lan inet static
        address 192.168.21.254
        netmask 255.255.255.0
        up /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh

Network script

  • /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh :
#!/bin/sh

ip link add link lan name users type vlan id 2
ip link add link lan name voip type vlan id 3
ip link add link lan name wifi type vlan id 4
ip link set users up
ip link set voip up
ip link set wifi up
ip addr add 192.168.22.254/24 dev users
ip addr add 192.168.23.254/22 dev voip
ip addr add 192.168.24.254/24 dev wifi

sysctl net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

systemctl restart ipsec
systemctl restart nftables
root@host:~# chmod +x /usr/local/sbin/ipconf.sh

/etc/ipsec.conf

# ipsec.conf - strongSwan IPsec configuration file
  
# basic configuration

conn office2
        #charondebug = 2
        authby = secret
        auto = route
        #auto=start #https://www.questioncomputer.com/ipsec-on-linux-strongswan-configuration-ikev2-policy-based-psk/
        type = tunnel
        keyexchange = ikev1
        ike = aes128-sha1-modp768
        esp = aes128-sha1-modp768

        #BRANCH OFFICE 2
        leftfirewall = yes
        left = 10.0.10.12
        leftid = 10.0.10.12
        leftsubnet = 192.168.21.0/24

        #HEADQUARTERS
        rightfirewall = yes
        rightid = 10.0.10.1
        right = 10.0.10.1
        rightsubnet = 192.168.1.0/24

conn net-users
        also=office2
        leftsubnet = 192.168.22.0/24

conn net-voip
        also=office2
        leftsubnet = 192.168.23.0/24
        rightsubnet = 192.168.3.0/24
conn net-voip2
        also=office2
        leftsubnet = 192.168.23.0/24
        rightsubnet = 192.168.13.0/24

/etc/ipsec.secrets

: PSK password_PSK4231
root@host:~# systemctl restart ipsec.service

Comment faire des tests

  • Depuis Headquarters :
root@host:~# ping 192.168.21.254 -I 192.168.1.254
  • Depuis Branch Office 1 :
root@host:~# ping 192.168.5.254 -I 192.168.12.254
  • Depuis Branch Office 2 :
root@host:~# ping 192.168.13.254 -I 192.168.23.254
  • Vérifier les logs :
root@host:~# tail -f /var/log/syslog | grep "racoon\|charon"
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